Midnight (1939)

via: http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/83414/Midnight/#tcmarcp-433735-433736 Unless otherwise noted, all images are my own

via: http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/title/83414/Midnight/#tcmarcp-433735-433736 Unless otherwise noted, all images are my own

The wondrous year of 1939 (Gone with the Wind, The Wizard of Oz, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Stagecoach, The Women) also included this fantastic screwball comedy written by Billy Wilder and Charles Brackett and directed by Mitchell Leisen.

The title Midnight alludes to Cinderella, and the movie does have a pleasant magical quality about it, although it doesn’t really stick to the Cinderella story in a traditional way. (The early title for the movie was the more dramatic Careless Rapture.)

At one point, a character makes the Cinderella connection when she says, rather ominously: “Every Cinderella has her midnight.”  There is also a beautiful ball gown, a fancy party, and some business with shoes, though the fairy godmother is a lovesick, obscenely wealthy, and splendidly wily man.

John Barrymore steals the movie as the wealthy and wily fairy godfather. That’s why this is my entry in The Barrymore Trilogy Blogathon, hosted by the great site In The Good Old Days of Classic Hollywood. The blogathon honors the legendary Barrymore dynasty, and you can check out all the posts hereblogathon-barrymoreBesides Barrymore, Midnight stars Claudette ColbertDon Ameche, and Mary Astor.

Midnight titles

The film opens with Eve Peabody (Claudette Colbert) fast asleep on a just-arrived Monte Carlo-Nice-Paris train.  Meet our Cinderella. Fun fact: Barbara Stanwyck was Paramount’s original choice for the role of Eve, but scheduling conflicts prompted the switch to Colbert.

Eve is awakened by the train attendant and kindly asked to leave. You can watch the opening scene here.
Midnight Colbert train arrival

She is wearing a gold lamé dress festooned with braid, and a matching coat with an attached hood/pillow and a sweeping V back.  She has no luggage besides a sparkling evening bag.  It turns out she is an American actress/chorus girl/singer who was gambling in Monte Carlo, lost everything, and hopped on a train to Paris. Which explains the evening gown.Midnight Colbert gold dress 2

This dress reminds me of another short-sleeved, straight-skirted lamé gown worn by Colbert in The Palm Beach Story (1942), a film that reunited her with co-star Mary Astor.Palm Beach Story Claudette Colbert Joel McCrea zipper 2

Back to Midnight. It’s raining, and Eve doesn’t have an umbrella. Or any money. As she walks around the train station rather worriedly, a friendly and handsome cab driver (nice combination) notices her and asks her if she needs a taxi.

Midnight Ameche Colbert first sightShe explains that she has no money and no job, but she needs a taxi to take her job-hunting.  She offers him a simple wager–if he drives her around from nightclub to nightclub so she can audition, and if she happens to get a job, she’ll pay him double the meter. The driver, Tibor Czerny, (Don Ameche) agrees. He likes her.  You can watch the scene here.

Fun fact: Ray Milland was considered for the role of Tibor before Ameche was cast.

They drive around for hours searching for a job. Eve auditions at various clubs but there are no job offers.  The meter inexorably climbs…

Midnight taxi club montageShe calls off the bet, saying it’s not fair for her to take the meter any higher. But Tibor is not ready to let her go, penniless, into the night.  So he buys her some dinner and they dance.  He gets jealous when all his taxi-driver buddies want to dance with her, too.  He really likes her.Midnight Ameche Colbert dance

Then they have the typical screwball comedy discussion over money.  (It’s almost identical to Carole Lombard and Ralph Bellamy‘s talk in Hands Across the Table (1935).)

Eve says she grew up with nothing and is determined to marry rich, preferably titled-rich.  She says that love can’t last when there’s no money, so she’s aiming for the cash, never mind love. He responds with “money isn’t everything” and tries to argue her out of her mercenary attitude. But she won’t budge.Midnight Ameche Colbert limousine

She shocks him when she says she was this close to landing “a lord:”
Midnight Ameche Colbert bribe

Brackett and Wilder pack this movie with wonderful repartee and one-liners–so get ready!

After this delightful discussion, Tibor and Eve return to the taxi.  She asks to be driven to the train station where she’ll spend the night in the waiting room.  He has other ideas.  He tells Eve he will take her to his apartment and  she will sleep there tonight…he will be driving around until the morning so it is perfectly innocent!

Midnight Ameche Colbert cab

But she refuses: “We’re no good for each other, Skipper. We’re going in different directions.” “That’s what you think,” he retorts. But she knows that they’ll fall in love if they remain together…she has a whole history of falling for members of the band at parties full of millionaires, you see.

It’s almost identical to poor Sugar’s (Marilyn Monroe‘s) dilemma in Some Like it Hot (1959), except Eve has a thing for drummers instead of Sugar’s saxophone players.  But this time Eve is determined to get it right!

So when he stops for gas she runs away. He tries to find her, but she sneaks into a fancy party behind that lady in that hat.  Midnight Colbert party

She gives the door man her pawn shop ticket (she had to hock her luggage) instead of the invitation (they just happen to be the same size and color). Thank goodness she is wearing gold lamé because she fits right in with this swanky, high-society crowd enjoying their sophisticated concert and their liveried footmen, or the opportunity for a quick nap.  You can watch the scene here.Midnight concert

One man notices Eve, though, and he figures out that she isn’t the wealthy society debutante she is pretending to be. The man is John Barrymore (Drew’s grandpapa).  I didn’t understand the whole “scene-stealer” notion until I saw him in this movie.

Midnight Colbert Barrymore gaze

His performance is even more astounding because since the early 1930s, Barrymore had been suffering from severe and unpredictable memory loss brought on by years and years of alcohol abuse. He could be line-perfect in one scene, and then be completely unable to remember anything, sometimes even the name of his character, just a few minutes later.

For instance: Barrymore was renowned for his iconic performance as Hamlet onstage, and in 1933, RKO started planning a film version.  But when Barrymore showed up to do a  screen test, he could not remember any of Hamlet’s soliloquy, which he had performed over one hundred times on stage. The film project was scrapped.

By the 1930s, Barrymore was using cue cards to remember his lines. He hated it, but producers wouldn’t cast him unless he agreed to use them; otherwise it was too much of a risk.

Barrymore’s lines were written on blackboards, and sometimes you can tell that his eye line is slightly off from where it should be.  Instead of looking at the other characters he is glued to the blackboards reading his lines; for example, you can tell he’s reading in that second image on the right. Yet he’s still amazing.

Midnight Barrymore blackboard

Mary Astor, who plays Barrymore’s wife, recalled that, “even with cue cards and only a faint idea of what the picture was all about, he had enough years of experience behind him to be able to act rings around anyone else.” He’s fun to watch, and he and Colbert play very well together as they scheme and deceive–all for love, and also for money.

Anyway, Barrymore plays Georges Flammarion, a wily, wealthy aristocrat bored with the party and the people.  He is intrigued by Eve and amused by her sneaky shoe removal to give her aching feet a rest:Midnight Barrymore Colbert shoe

It’s almost like Cinderella, except in this version she removes her own shoe because her feet hurt…

Eve thinks she’s in the clear until her pawn ticket is discovered amongst the invitations by that portly gentleman.

Midnight Hopper Colbert discovery

The evening’s hostess, Stephanie (Hedda Hopper, actress-turned-famed gossip columnist who named her Beverly Hills mansion “The House that Fear Built”) is aghast!  She attempts to discover “Eve Peabody,” the daring intruder.  Georges knows what’s up.

Midnight Hopper Barrymore Colbert ticket

At that moment, Eve is pulled away by Marcel (Rex O’Malley). She assumes he is taking her away to quietly throw her out.  Instead, he wants her to make up the fourth for a game of bridge!  The other two players?  Georges’ wife Helene (Mary Astor) and Helene’s lover Jacques (Francis Lederer.)  Marcel pauses considerately before opening the door on the two lovebirds, allowing Helene enough time to wipe the “lip rouge” off of Jacques.Midnight Astor lipstick

Eve introduces herself as Madame Cerny (taking the cab driver’s last name almost unconsciously…), and begins playing cards with the group.

Midnight Astor Colbert cardsJacques is rather taken with the newcomer, and Helene doesn’t like it one bit.  Midnight Astor jealous

She’s used to Jacques’s adoring gaze directed at her, and even a forearm full of diamonds doesn’t console her. Seriously?  How can she even lift her arm with so many bracelets weighing it down?

Midnight Astor bracelets

Anyway, Georges eventually joins the card players. He watches the group and realizes that Jacques is suddenly ignoring Helene and flirting with Eve.  (Georges knows that Helene is having an affair with Jacques–it’s all very cosmopolitan and sophisticated.)

Georges comes up with a plan–he will use Eve to draw Jacques away from Helene, and hopefully this will drive Helene back to Georges, who is hopelessly in love with her.

Fun fact: Barrymore and Astor reportedly had an affair way back in 1924 when they worked on the film Beau Brummel.

Georges then sneakily asks Eve several questions about Budapest and Hungarian nobility to make sure she is Eve Peabody and not really Madame Cerny.  None of the others catch on to his game. Finally, Georges leads Eve into a trap where she has to proclaim that she’s a Hungarian Baroness!  Chorus girl to baroness in one evening–not bad!

When it’s time to settle the accounts at the end of the card game, Eve is stunned to learn she owes 4,200 francs!  She babbles about how she may not have that much on her, and she hopes they’ll accept her IOU.  Then she opens her sparkly clutch:Midnight Colbert Barrymore purse

Someone put a whole bunch of money in there…

Jacques insists on accompanying Eve to her hotel, so Eve has to pretend she’s staying at the Ritz.  Imagine her surprise when she arrives and there is a giant suite in the name of Baroness Cerny!  She is so sure she is intruding on the real occupants of the suite that she nearly has a heart attack when she sees herself in a mirror!Midnight Colbert hotel fright

The next morning, Eve is awoken by the news that her trunks have arrived and her chauffeur is waiting for the day’s orders.  She is confused, to say the least.Midnight Colbert crazy
But everything seems real enough, including the monogrammed trunks full of designer beauties like that fringed dressing gown.
Midnight Colbert trunk
I love the shot of the footman opening the trunks and pulling out the gowns and suits as Eve watches in stunned silence.  Our old friend Irene Lentz designed the costumes, and she gets to play in this film.
Midnight Colbert trunk 2
As you might imagine, Eve is very confused.  She asks herself some basic questions to check her mental stability:Midnight Colbert dialogue
She seems to be alright…fortunately for her sanity, a certain gentleman strides into her suite a moment later to explain things.  First Eve thinks Georges wants to make her into his “kept woman:”
Midnight Barrymore Colbert idea

But he quickly sets her straight.  Turns out, Georges just wants Eve to lure Jacques away from Helene, and he will happily provide Eve with everything she might need to continue her masquerade as the Baroness Cerny. Plus, if their plan succeeds, Eve has a fair chance of landing rich, aristocratic Jacques.

So in return for impersonating a baroness and flirting outrageously with a handsome, wealthy man, Eve gets clothes, money, and possibly a rich husband.  It’s not a bad deal, especially when Georges is her fairy godfather, and when the target (Jacques) seems rather infatuated already.  Flowers and a card arrive for Eve just as Georges is leaving:

Midnight Barrymore Colbert flowers
Georges invites Eve to his country chateau for the weekend, noting that Jacques will be there, too.

Eve sets out on her mission.  First stop is Simone’s, the chicest milliner in all of Paris, who also happens to be the woman whom Eve trailed into the party the night before.  Simone sets the style in hats, and she’s very changeable:

Midnight Simone's

Eve, I mean, the Baroness Cerny, arrives to find a hat for the weekend.  I love that a weekend trip necessitates a new hat. You can read my History Through Hollywood: Fashion for more on that. And check out that mannequin and the incredible wall painting:Midnight Colbert hat shop

Eve is really there to find Jacques, and she does.  He’s helping Helene pick out a new chapeau.  Eve persuades Jacques to leave Helene and show Eve around Paris.  Simone watches the encounter with that giant, terrifying centipede brooch pinned to her jacket.  Yuck.Midnight Colbert Astor hat shop

Fun fact: Mary Astor was pregnant during production of this movie, so they had to come up with various ways of hiding her tummy. She is often sitting down, filmed from the chest up, or wearing costumes with giant sleeves or some other distraction to draw the eye away from her middle.

While Eve hides in high society, Tibor drives around Paris looking for her. He even organizes the other cab drivers in a massive search, and bombards the Ritz Hotel with honking horns. He really, really likes her.Midnight Ameche taxi organizationMeanwhile, Eve and Jacques drive to the enormous Flammarion estate together.

Midnight chateau

This makes Helene crazy with jealousy, though she might also be tormented by those massive fur sleeves that look an awful lot like those furry caterpillars:Midnight - 100

Of course there is a ball that evening, and things are going just swimmingly for Eve and Georges.  Eve and Jacques walk in the garden together, laugh together, and dance together, driving Helene wild. Eve suspects that Jacques is about to propose, and Georges and Eve are delighted with their success.

I wonder if the placement of Helene and her partner’s hands are meant to hide her pregnancy? His left hand should be on her waist, right?  But by holding her hand his arm obscures her stomach…Midnight Colbert Astor dance

I adore Eve’s black tulle-and-velvet frock.  It’s Irene’s brilliant take on a Cinderella ball gown: glamorous, sexy, and terribly chic, not at all sweet and princess-y.  She makes the full skirt (layers of tulle!) and fuller puff sleeves new and alluring, and the strategically placed bodice adornment is almost scandalous!  Eve certainly stands out amongst the more typically garbed guests, and not just because of her black bow/fascinator.Midnight Colbert black dress

As Eve wraps Jacques around her little finger, Marcel arrives with two battered suitcases (Eve’s luggage, which she had to hock in Monte Carlo in order to buy her train ticket to Paris.)  You see, Helene is very suspicious of the Baroness, so she sent Marcel to retrieve the luggage in the hopes of proving that “Baroness Cerny” is Eve Peabody, the intruder from Stephanie’s party.  Helene leaves the conga line (!) and hurries to open the suitcases.

Georges follows the conspirators as they open Eve’s bags and find a clipping about American show girls.  One of them does look like the Baroness…(third from the left, first row)

Midnight Barrymore Astor snooping

Helene returns to the ball room in triumph, and prepares to tell everyone the humiliating truth about Eve.  Please, please notice Stephanie’s trash bag outfit.  Weird, right?Midnight Astor's announcement

Just as Helene is about to expose Eve’s deception, a footman announces “Baron Cerny!”  Guess who:

Midnight Ameche's arrival

Eve is as stunned as Helene.  Georges greets the Baron like an old friend, which Helene takes as proof that Eve really is the Baroness.  She becomes a charming hostess, elated that Eve’s handsome “husband” has arrived. Maybe now she’ll get Jacques back to herself!

Midnight Colbert Baron CernyGeorges and Helene show the Baron and Baroness to the honeymoon suite of the chateau.

Georges takes pains to point out the burglar alarm by the bed; he doesn’t want to leave Eve alone with Tibor.  But separating the “married couple” would give the game away, and George and Eve aren’t ready to end their ruse. He tells Eve that one pull on the alarm will rouse the house, and leaves with a stern look at Tibor.
Midnight Ameche Colbert argumentOnce alone, Eve begs Tibor to return to Paris, explaining that she’s finally on her way to what she’s always wanted!  He argues that she should marry him instead because they’re in love and all will be well.  She’s still hooked on the idea of a rich husband, though, and she’s so darn close!

Tibor sleeps in the sitting room. No need for the burglar alarm.

The next morning, Tibor tries a different (screwball) tack to get his “wife” away from these people and back to Paris.  He joins Eve, Georges, Jacques, Marcel and Helene at breakfast and invents a young daughter named Francie.  He pretends to have received an urgent telegram from Budapest with the dire news that Francie has the measles:Midnight Colbert Ameche telegram

Eve has to go along with his story, so with Georges’ help (he’s awfully fast on the uptake, and it’s a pleasure to watch Eve and Georges work together) she places a call to “Budapest,” which is actually just Georges on the other house phone.

Now it’s Eve’s turn to get creative.  She trumps Tibor’s fake daughter/measles with an entire conversation with her “mother-in-law” and the happy news that Francie’s spots were just a harmless rash!  Then Georges gets in on the game:Midnight Ameche Colbert Barrymore phone

Tibor is furious, especially when Eve urges him to talk to “Francie”/Georges speaking in baby-talk.

Tibor decides to end the charade once and for all.  He changes into his taxi-driver clothes, and comes back to the breakfast table to announce that he and Eve are impostors!

But Eve saw him putting on his taxi cap through the window, so she gets in ahead of him.  Before he gets back to the terrace, Eve confesses to the astounded group that there is a strain of insanity in the Cerny family.  It’s perhaps my favorite moment in the entire movie:Midnight Colbert roller skate

Then she tells her rapt audience that Tibor can be utterly normal for long periods, then have an intense “spell,” which usually includes his insane belief that he’s not a Baron at all, but instead a normal working man!

Midnight Colbert Ameche storyShe also warns them that it’s very dangerous to contradict him when he’s delusional, urging them all to just play along.  Well done, Eve, well done!

So when Tibor arrives on the terrace and announces to everyone that he drives a taxi, they say “How nice” and “Would you like some more breakfast?”  It’s brilliant.  One almost feels sorry for Tibor when his honest protestations are completely ignored.

I’ve already spoiled most of this for you, but I’ll leave just a few things unsaid.  I’m sure you can guess what happens, but it’s lovely the way the movie gets there.

Comic misunderstandings, some screwball, and excellent performances all around make this quite an enjoyable film. Georges’ machinations behind the scenes, Eve’s quick thinking and outrageous fibs, and Tibor’s inspired attempts to win Eve are lots of fun to watch.

The movie never feels stagnant or dull, which is quite an accomplishment for a Cinderella story.  The behind-the-scenes stuff about Barrymore’s cue cards and Astor’s pregnancy give you extra elements to watch for, plus it’s fun to try to catch glimpses of the right side of Claudette Colbert’s face…

Midnight Ameche Colbert divorcrApparently, she only liked the left side of her face (she thought her nose was crooked or something) and demanded that director Mitchell Leisen film her from that side. Which he does in almost every shot. Take a look at the images in this post–it’s astounding! Her refusal to be filmed from one side caused problems with blocking: notice how she is almost always on the right side of the frame, filmed straight on, or the other characters are on her left, but Leisen made it work through clever choreography and set design.

Fun fact: Leisen directed a remake of this film only six years later called Masquerade in Mexico, starring Dorothy Lamour.

Another fun fact: The studio liked the script that Wilder and Brackett gave them, but wanted a few changes. They sent the script back to the original authors, asking for a re-write. Wilder and Brackett sent the exact same screenplay back to the studio without any changes…the studio loved the “re-writes” and sent the film into production!Midnight Colbert phone

When Leisen changed a few words in Midnight‘s script during filming, Wilder was furious and decided that he would never let someone else direct one of his screenplays. Fortunately that stubbornness paid off for Wilder–he would go one to write and direct classics like Double Indemnity (1944), The Lost Weekend (1945), Sunset Boulevard (1950), Sabrina (1954), Some Like it Hot (1959), The Apartment (1960), etc.

Frank Nugent, film critic at The New York Times, wrote an extremely complimentary review of Midnight in April of 1939. He called the film:

one of the liveliest, gayest, wittiest and naughtiest comedies of a long hard season. Its direction, by Mitchell Leisen, is strikingly reminiscent of that of the old Lubitsch. Its cast, led by Claudette Colbert, Don Ameche, John Barrymore and Francis Lederer, is in the best of spirits. Its script, by too many authors to mention, is a model of deft phrasing and glib narrative joinery; and its production, while handsome, never has been permitted to bulk larger than its players.

He spent some time on the Cinderella plotline, but noted that

…the clock doesn’t strike when the film’s midnight comes; out, instead, pops a cuckoo with a clarion call to humor. Things go hilariously to smash, but not Cinderella. Even the fairy godmother—in this case, John Barrymore—blinks amazedly at his protégé’s carryings-on. When Miss Colbert plays Cinderella she doesn’t depend on a magic wand; a slapstick and a bludgeon are handier, and funnier.

Nugent finished his review with this:

Usually these things fall apart of their own complications; this one has the marvelous air of being bolstered by them…there is the business of Cabby Czerny’s heroic attempts to expose the fraud and being considered a lunatic; there is the bit in which Mr. Barrymore impersonates a 3-year-old; there is the complication attending the discovery that the non-wed Czernys will have to be divorced.

We could mention other zany bits, but it wouldn’t help. It is really too daffy to be synopsized. You’ll have to take our word for it that it’s fun. Most of the credit, of course, belongs to Miss Colbert. She has superb command of the comic style, can turn a line or toss a vase with equal precision. Mr. Barrymore, the Gehrig of eye-brow batting, rolls his phrases with his usual richly humorous effect, and Mr. Ameche and Mr. Lederer were quite as helpful. All of them have made it a happy occasion. Pictures like “Midnight” should strike more often.

Nugent captured the magic of Midnight in his ringing endorsement of the film. So if you’re looking for a charming comedy set amongst European splendor with fake Hungarian aristocrats and their imaginary children, this is the film for you!  Here’s the trailer, enjoy!

For more, follow me on Twittertumblr, Instagram at BlondeAtTheFilm, pinterest, and Facebook. And be sure to check out the other entries in the Barrymore blogathon! Thanks for reading, and click here to buy this movie!

Categories: Comedy, Screwball

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20 replies »

  1. Absolutely love Claudette Colbert in this film and The Palm Beach Story, she has such a light touch with this type of comedy.

  2. Another fun fact about ‘Midnight’ is that Elaine Barrie, who plays the snobbish milliner Simone, was John Barrymore’s wife in real life (they divorced in 1940). And she later opened her own export business in Haiti, shipping hats and handbags to be sold in US stores!

  3. I love Claudette Colbert, she was such a natural actress who never over acted. Colbert did comedy and drama equally well. Two essential Colbert films In my humble opinion are Since You Went Away and Tomorrow Is Forever. These two movies will tug at your heart strings. Nice review of a Midnight, Cameron!

    • Thank you, John! Glad you enjoyed this review–Claudette Colbert is pretty amazing! I know her comedies better than her dramas, so thanks for these recommendations! Thanks for reading!

  4. I would just like to add three more Colbert dramas worth watching. Imitation Of Life, Remember The Day and So Proudly We Hail are all top notch films.

  5. Thanks so much for participating in the blogathon. I’ve only just got around to reading the entries now, and yours was highly worth the wait. Midnight is one of my all time favorite films. Thanks for the post.

    I would also like to invite you to participate in my new blogathon that I’ve just announced. The link is below with more details


  6. I completely forgot this starred a Barrymore – I haven’t seen it for years (in fact, this was the film that introduced me to Colbert). Can’t wait to re-watch it in the light of your (as always) insightful post and commentary. And Colbert’s costumes – surely only she could’ve pulled off that fringed number!

  7. Mary Astor is a rather fascinating actress. Barrymore was amazing in this film. He knew how to act even when his synapses were not all firing at the same time. Interesting fact about Mary Astor. She is generally fantastic in all of her films. When she has great support she is even better. She often plays the woman who is on the hunt for a man or trying to keep her current one (But why so many of this type of role?).

    This ties back to popular culture when in 1936 she was involved in a scandal involving her private diaries and her current husband. The scandal was known as “The Purple Diaries” and it is worth reading about. I think many of her roles were selected for her based on this controversy. The real life story of Mary Astor would make a good movie by itself. And the book’s official title is called “The Purple Diaries: Mary Astor and the most sensational scandal of the 1930’s”. I highly suggest the audio edition of the book as the narrator does an excellent job of reading the book and you can listen to it all at once or in chunks.

    There is quite a bit of material in there about Barrymore and her. The basic gist is she was basically a prisoner of her parents who kept her a virtual prisoner in their house except when at the studio making a film (which they had bought with her studio salary). Barrymore convinced her parents to allow him to give her acting lessons away from the house where they began a torrid affair (is there any other kind?). He asked her to leave her parents and marry him telling her that she needed her independence from them in order to live her life on her own terms.

    Astor, being a victim of “Stockholm Syndrome” she refused multiple times and Barrymore left her. Only then did she get the courage to escape her parents and from there her film career blossomed as sound came to the movies. So knowing the back history between Barrymore and Mary Astor this film is all the more fascinating. To be a fly on the wall when this movie was made! One of my favorite “Screwballs” made all the more fascinating by the incredible amount of talent in this delicious “Midnight” movie.

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